A little history of Quebec

During the 16th century Jacques CARTIER arrived in Quebec near Gaspé to try to found a colony, but it was not until Samuel De Champlain to create the city of Quebec in 1608.

The French are few to choose New France to emigrate because the climate is very harsh and there are conflicts with the Amerindians.French candidates for emigration prefer to settle in the Caribbean islands, which are more pleasant.Only a few adventurers and settlers traded furs with the Amerindians.

 

To develop an overseas colony, it was necessary above all to populate it, or when Champlain had his first “dwellings” built in Acadia, his companions were all male.

It was therefore in 1613 that the real pioneers embarked: Marie Rollet, the wife of colonist Louis Hébert, and their two daughters.(Marie Rollet and her children, Louis-Hébert monument, Montmorency park, Quebec).


There are approximately 2,000 women and girls among the 10,000 founding immigrants to Canada.To accelerate the development of these distant lands, the King of France in the middle of the 17th century sent between 800 and 900 young girls to be married to the men of the colony and to create large families..

 



In 1627, Samuel de Champlain with the support of Cardinal Richelieu founded in addition to Quebec, two regional governments: Trois-Rivières in 1634 and Montreal in 1642. The first French people to emigrate mainly come from the coastal regions of western France and the Paris region. They arrive in New France speaking French with their accents and the popular vocabulary of their regions.

The city which provided the greatest number of immigrants is La Rochelle then, Paris, Saint-Malo, Rouen, Nantes, Dieppe and Bordeaux.



A third of the territory's population is made up of soldiers who are only temporarily installed on these lands. Around 1663, the migratory flow of the French increased so that the colonists guarantee territorial sovereignty, that they Christianize the natives and exploit the natural resources of the country, but the French crown lost interest in these new territories.


Around 1700 French was the main language of CANADA and the language became standardized with some peculiarities.


Religion, more precisely the Roman Catholic Church, has long occupied a central and integral place in Quebec society since the arrival of the first French settlers in New France.


From 1627-1628, Canada was an officially Catholic colony. Unconverted Protestants (often tolerated as immigrants) cannot meet for the exercise of their religion "under pain of punishment". There are fewer than 300 Huguenots among Canada's founding immigrants, and many of them converted to Catholicism before their arrival. For all this time,


Quebecers have not forgotten their origins and their official motto is even written on their license plate: I remember



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